MOOCs are dependent on other technologies and infrastructure to be successful and useful. Some include:

Technical Platforms
Technical platforms, three including Coursera, edX, and Udacity, serve as third-party vendors to host and disseminate MOOCs that have been uploaded by universities or individuals. Although the number of platforms are expected to grow in the following year, these "Big Three" are widely used. If the university is choosing to host their MOOC on a third party platform's server, then specific permission and contracts must be created. Use of a technical platform is at no cost to the university.

Servers are critical for not only the technical platform but also for the university that creates a MOOC. This infrastructure must save the material created or uploaded. Servers are widely available, but may come at a high cost to parties using them.

Recording Equipment
To create the actual lectures the university will require high quality recording materials including cameras, microphones, and editing software. This equipment can be quite expensive to purchase and maintain, though it is quite readily available.

Course Design Software
In order to develop a MOOC, universities and individuals use specific software that aid in the creation of an entire Web course. This software is available, but limited in options as it is not affordable for all users. Google and Stanford have both developed this additional platform to allow users-- both universities and individuals-- to design MOOCs, thus facilitating the spread of this technology. These platforms are available in several options but may not be affordable for all universities.

Computers, Internet, and Bandwidth
Both the university and the end users will need computers in order to access MOOCs. It is essential that all of these computers have an internet connection and adequate bandwidth for streaming. This technology is relatively affordable and available to universities, independent MOOC creators, and individual users.

Mobile Applications
Mobile applications for MOOCs are a potential future development as the primary market for MOOCs-- mainly young students-- is very connected to smartphone and tablet technology. This potential technology is available but only affordable for large scale universities and platforms.

MOOCEs are MOOC Evaluations. Universities are now looking to potentially accept official credit from many MOOCs. To do so, the MOOC course must first be thoroughly evaluated (5). This potential technology is not yet readily available and is likely to be costly.

Networks and Social Networking
One of the unique benefits of a MOOC is the ability for participants of the course to discuss and share information and opinions among themselves at a large scale. As more and more students enroll in a given course, a positive externality takes hold. Some MOOCs, particularly Coursera, do require network effects to aid in the grading of peer assessments (11). It is important to note, however, that individual students may still participate as an individual without the enrollment of other students. MOOCs do provide the "massive" component, though-- often pooling together thousands of students for a given course. Further, as each course naturally attracts users with similar interests, a significant portion of MOOCs result in a social network. Professors also use social networking tools to connect with students interested in a particular course offering. Social media integration as well as discussion boards and forums are low cost mechanisms by which the university may host and/or facilitate this social networking (4).